Conveyor belt types

If you are choosing the right conveyor belts for a coal mine, power plant or a sand quarry you should know about the basic parameters that distinguish the conveyor belts. Conveyor belts are usually specified as shown below:

Conveyor belt description

Textile of conveyor belt

Conveyor belts can be categorized based on the material of the inner layer:

  • P - Polyamid - Polyamid (Nylon) is used in the warp and weft of the fabric.
  • EP - Polyester - Polyester is used in the warp and weft of the fabric.
  • ST - Steel-cord - Steel-cords are used for higher strength of the belt.

The advantage of EP belts over P belts is the lower elongation of the belt under the material load.

Conveyor belt tensile strength

Tensile strength means how much the belt can be elongated in given conditions without serious damage of the belt.

The unit is computed in N/mm2. 

Number of layers in conveyor belt

Number of layers of the conveyor belt specifies how many textile or steel cord layers are used in the core of the belt and thus composes the final thickness and strength. Individual layers are joined with 0,5mm to 1mm thick rubber layer.

Typically, 3-5 layers are used.

The conveyor belt can also contain breaker layer which protects against damage made by sharp materials on the conveyor belt.

Upper and lower cover layer of a conveyor belt

The upper cover layer defines the thickness of the cover layer on which the load is transported.

Conveyor belt width

The width of the conveyor belt is usually measured in mm. Typically, the width of the belts is 400mm-2400mm.

Physical-mechanical properties of conveyor belt

Conveyor belts can be further divided based on fire resistance and other properties:

Type Belt type DIN Description
Standard W (AA) DIN22102 W Wear-resistant, suitable for highly abrasive bulk material. It can be operated at a continuously low temperature.
Y DIN22102 Y Abrasion resistant design. Suitable for lumpy and bulky material in normal working conditions.
X DIN22102 X Belt with high abrasion resistance. Suitable for transporting heavy, sharp bulky materials.
High temperature resistant conveyor belts MAGMA ISO4195 Suitable for continuous transport of hot materials with a temperature of up to 150 ° C.
Supermagma SUPERMAGMA ISO4195 Suitable for transferring hot loads continuously at temperatures up to 200 ° C and for short periods up to 220 ° C.
Fire resistant conveyor belts YK DIN 22102 S / ISO 433 K Belt suitable for transporting material in fire and in potentially explosive atmospheres.
YS DIN 22102 S / ISO 433 S Belt suitable for transporting material in fire and in potentially explosive atmospheres.
Oil resistant conveyor belts MOR DIN 22102 G Slightly resistant to oils. Suitable for materials containing animal fats or vegetable oils.

How can KSK Belt help

KSK Belt can offer various types of conveyor belts.

Besides conveyor belts we can also offer conveyor rollers from our own production.